Civil Engineering Vs Computer Science is the latest comparison of the two vocational courses (civil engineering and computer science) in 2021. It looks at the salary, job outlooks, prerequisites and certification in both fields.
This article has a multitude of advantages. For students seeking guidance, it is designed to help you make informed decision about your career choice. For civil engineers and computer scientists, this post is tailored to help you further appreciate your career and open your eyes to the infinite opportunities therein. These and much more you will get in this article.
Below are the contents of this article:
Civil Engineering Vs Computer Science
Civil engineers and computer scientists are both involved in development or building. However, while civil engineers build structures, computer scientists build software.
What is more? A degree in civil engineering (CE) or computer science (CS) equips students for a seamless career in the science, engineering and technological industry.
Despite the similarities, they are different in many regards So, in our debate on this topic – civil engineering vs computer science, we will analyses the similarities and the differences between civil engineering and computer science. The aim, as earlier observed, is to help you appreciate and choice the best career between them.
Civil Engineering Vs Computer Science: Overview
Civil engineers and computer scientists vary in so many aspects. This is regardless of the fact that both disciplines are the brains behind the advancement in science and technology.
In assuring the development of a digital world, civil engineers are considered a crucial but integral part of this enterprise. The major actors in this adventure are computer scientists. Computer scientists have been adjudged the pillars for the advancement of the digital world.
The dissimilarities between these two careers or fields most often surpass the resemblance. From their work environment to their educational path and even their salary scale, you can effortlessly differentiate them.
So, in an attempt to give you a proper understanding of these careers or fields, this article on civil engineering vs computer science is designed to provide the needed information. In this article, you will learn what both professionals do. You will also get to know their job outlooks and how to start a career in any of the fields. Another benefit is that it gives you a list of the top ranking civil engineering and computer science schools.
What is Civil Engineering?
Civil engineering is one of the oldest disciplines in the field of engineering. It involves the application of planning, designing, constructing, maintaining, and operating infrastructures. This is without compromising the protection of the public and ensuring environmental health. Civil engineering also involves the improvement of existing infrastructures which would have otherwise been neglected.
Civil engineering may be practised on a large scale. This may include instances such as developing a nation’s transportation systems or water supply channels. It may also be applied on a smaller scale. Small scale application of civil engineering may involve developing street roads or buildings.
Who is a Civil Engineer?
A civil engineer is basically a scientist who involved in the development of modern infrastructures. Civil engineers ensure the innocuous construction, operation, and maintenance of structures, such as roads, bridges, buildings, and dams.
They shape, build, maintain, and expand our cities and entire environment.
What is Computer Science?
Computer Science is a branch of science that involves the study of computers and computational systems. Computer scientists are not akin to electrical and computer engineers. This is because computer scientists deal mostly with software and software systems. This software and software systems includes the theory, design, development, and application of programmes.
Simply put, the study of computer science involves systematically studying methodical processes (such as algorithms) in order to aid the acquisition, representation, processing, storage, communication of, and access to information.
In fact, computer science is considered by many of its practitioners to be a foundational science – one which makes other knowledge and achievements possible.
Who is a Computer Scientist?
Computer scientists design and analyze algorithms to solve programs and study the performance of computer hardware and software.
The problems that computer scientists encounter range from the abstract (determining what problems can be solved with computers and the complexity of the algorithms that solve them) to the tangible (designing applications that perform well on handheld devices, that are easy to use, and that uphold security measures).
From the definitions above, you will notice that even though civil engineers and computer scientists operate in different areas, they are into the design and development of projects.
Now, let’s see their similarities and differences.
Civil Engineering vs Computer Science: Similarities and Dissimilarities
There are only few connections between CE and CS since they operate in different fields. The most common being that you need a bachelor’s degree to start a career in either civil engineering or computer science field.
Also, you need to take as well as pass classes in mathematics to earn a degree in either of the two fields.
What is more? Both civil engineering and computer science programs generally take four to five years to complete and must be approved by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET).
Another point that should be made is that both professional are involved in the design and development of different projects.
Civil Engineering vs Computer Science: What Is The Difference Between Two?
The main difference between these two professions is that while civil engineers are into the professional practice of designing and developing infrastructure projects, computer scientists are involved in the design, development, and application of various software.
Other than this main difference, there still are other dissimilarities between a civil engineer and a computer engineer.
The areas of differences between civil engineering and computer science include:
#2. Education requirements
#3. Job Outlook
#1. Job/Duties – Civil Engineering Vs Computer Science
The job or duties of civil engineers essentially involves birthing, designing, building, supervising, operating, constructing and maintain infrastructure projects and systems in the public and private sector. This projects may include roads, buildings, airports, tunnels, dams, bridges, and systems for water supply and sewage treatment.
On the other hand, computer scientists mainly operate on new and existing computer systems. They use theory and algorithms to solve complex computing problems.
Below are their respective functions:
Functions/duties of civil engineers
The duties of the civil engineers include:
#1. Analyzing long-range plans, survey reports, maps, and other data to plan and design projects.
#2. Considering construction costs, government regulations, potential environmental hazards, and other factors during the planning and risk-analysis stages of a project.
#3. Compiling and submitting permit applications to local, state, and federal agencies, verifying that projects comply with various regulations.
#4. Overseeing and analyzing the results of soil testing to determine the adequacy and strength of foundations.
#5. Analyzing the results of tests on building materials, such as concrete, wood, asphalt, or steel, for use in particular projects.
#6. Preparing cost estimates for materials, equipment, or labor to determine a project’s economic feasibility.
#7. Using design software to plan and design transportation systems, hydraulic systems, and structures in line with industry and government standards.
#8. Performing or overseeing surveying operations to establish building locations, site layouts, reference points, grades, and elevations to guide construction.
#9. Managing the repair, maintenance, and replacement of public and private infrastructure.
Duties of Computer Scientists
The major duties of a computer scientist include:
#1. Inventing new computing languages, tools, and methods to improve the way in which people work with computers.
#2. Developing and improving the software systems that form the basis of the modern computing experience.
#3. Conceptualizing computational and maths-related problems and challenges.
#4. Developing new products and solving practical computing problems.
#5. Conducting research involving experimentation and modeling.
#6. Working as part of a research team with programmers, IT professionals, and mechanical, electrical, or software engineers to solve problems and create new products.
#7. Studying, experimenting, and investigating technological fields such as artificial intelligence, robotics, and virtual reality.
#8. Seeking to improve the performance of existing computer systems and software.
#9. Developing new hardware or computing techniques and materials.
#2 Education – Civil Engineering vs Computer Science
To get an entry-level position as a civil engineer, you need a bachelor’s degree in civil engineering, in one of its specialties, or in civil engineering technology.
However, for promotion to senior positions, you will need a graduate degree and a license. Licensure requirements typically vary from state to state.
Characteristic Coursework in a Civil Engineering Program
Essentially, students earning a degree in civil engineering take classes such as:
- Structural Analysis
- Fluid Dynamics
- Engineering Mechanics and Systems
These classes vary depending on the specialty.
Distinctive Coursework in a Computer Science Program
Computer science students basically take classes in the following core courses:
- Theory of computation
- Fundamentals of computer science
- Compilers and operating systems
- Information theory
- Basic programming
- Systems and architecture
- Software development and testing
- Web applications and databases
- Algorithms and data structures
- Principles of computer hardware
- Mathematical concepts (such as formal methods, Boolean algebra, discreet mathematics, set theory, probability, statistics, linear algebra, differential equations, and calculus).
#3 Job Outlook – Civil Engineering vs Computer Science
According to the US BLS, the employment of civil engineers is projected to grow by 2 percent from 2019 to 2029. Reason being that as infrastructure continues to age, civil engineers will be needed to manage projects to rebuild, repair, and upgrade bridges, roads, levees, dams, airports, buildings, and structures of all types.
On the other hand, employment in computer and information technology occupations (of which being a computer scientist is part of) is projected to grow 11 percent from 2019 to 2029, much faster than the average for all occupations.
The demand for these workers will stem from greater emphasis on cloud computing, the collection and storage of big data, and information security.
#4 Pay/Salary – Civil Engineering Vs Computer Science
According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median annual wage for civil engineers is $87,060. Meanwhile, from Indeed’s report, the average salary for a civil engineer is $86,938 per year in the United States.
On the other hand, the US BS reports that the median annual wage for computer and information research scientists is $122,840. That is to say, computer scientists earn $59.06 per hour per hour.
Also, Indeed reports that the average salary for a computer scientist is $107,536 per year in the United States.
#5 Civil Engineering Vs Computer Science – Cost
The annual cost of tuition for a degree in civil engineering or computer science varies greatly depending on the degree program or the kind of college or university you’ll be attending. That is, whether you’ll be attending it in-state or out-of-state.
Civil Engineering Vs Computer Science: Cost
What is the Cost of a Civil Engineering Program?
As seen on CollegeTuitionCompare, the average undergraduate tuition & fees of best civil engineering colleges is $13,327 for state residents and $43,927 for out of state students in the academic year 2019-2020.
On the other hand, the average cost for civil engineering graduate programs is $15,517 for state residents and $36,413 for out of state students.
What is the Cost of a Computer Science Program?
Still according to CollegeTuitionCompare, the average tuition & fees for computer science programs are $3,403 for state residents and $10,822 for out-of-state students for the academic year 2019-2020.
Note that the report above was made using civil engineering and computer science schools in the USA.
Now, you know the accrediting body, programs, and cost of becoming either a civil engineer or a computer scientist, let’s look at some of their best schools.
What are the Best Civil Engineering Schools?
Here is a list of some of the universities that offer the best undergraduate civil engineering programs in the world. Check the following CE schools links for more information on each of the undergraduate civil engineering program.
What Are the Best Schools for Computer Science program?
Various universities all over the world offer programs in computer science. However, here are the top 10 computer science schools in the world:
#1. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
#2. Harvard University
#3. Stanford University
#4. University of California Berkeley
#5. Princeton University
#6. The University of Texas at Austin
#7. Tsinghua University
#8. Nanyang Technological University
#9. Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
#10. Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich
The best between becoming a civil engineer and a computer scientist
Typically, civil engineering and computer science are both unique fields that are distinct from each other. However, knowing what to pursue depends on your individual and career goals.
If you really want to be part of those who plan, design, and construct cities and other infrastructures, then, you can become a civil engineer.
On the other hand, computer science is a broad field, encompassing programming, networking, information technology (IT), and UX/UI. So, if you have a keen eye for detail and enjoy working with a high level of precision, earning a computer science degree might be an ideal path for you.
However, if you don’t mind doing any but just want to do your job and also earn more, you can compare the salaries of the two and go for the higher on.